About Our Director



  • IMES was founded and is directed by William R. Brown, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Medicine at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA. He is former head of the School’s Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
  • Dr. Brown has over 45 years’ experience in medical education, medical writing, and clinical and basic research. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and reviews. He has been an editor, editorial board member, and reviewer for several major medical journals and books. About 50 of Dr. Brown’s publications are co-authored with Asian investigators. He has  edited more than 100 articles for ESL writers, with an acceptance rate of greater than 90% by peer-review journals. He has published in prestigious journals such as Journal of Clinical Investigation, Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Journal of Physiology, Journal of Immunology, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Gastroenterology, and Nature. 


  • Gastroenterology, Editorial Board
  • Viewpoints on Digestive Diseases, Editor
  • Gastroenterology Annual, Chapter Editor
  • Journal of Digestive Disease, Editorial Board
  • Current or past reviewer for Gastroenterology, American Journal of Gastroenterology, Gut, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Hepatology, Annals of Internal Medicine, Journal of Digestive Diseases, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology


  • Gastrointestinal pathophysiology and diseases
  • Liver and biliary tract pathophysiology and diseases
  • Gastrointestinal endoscopy and diagnostic studies
  • Gastrointestinal malignancies
  • Malabsorptive and nutritional diseases
  • Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Chronic abdominal pain disorders
  • Immunological and infectious diseases
  • Clinical trials and translational research
  • Gastrointestinal surgery  



William R. Brown, MD

Professor Emeritus of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine

Director, International Medical Editing Service, LLC

Telephone +1-303-829-2886

Email: imesmeded@gmail.com


April 1, 2018


M.D., University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin, 1959

B.A., Chemistry, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana, 1955

Medical Training


Internship Denver General Hospital Denver, CO 1959-1960


Residency in Medicine Veterans Administration Hospital

University of Colorado Medical Center

Denver, CO 1960-1962


Research Fellow and Assistant Research Physician University of California University of Singapore San Francisco, CA

Singapore, China




International Center for Medical Research and Training, Fellowship in Gastroenterology University of Colorado Medical Center




Denver, CO 1965-1967



Chief Resident in Medicine University of Colorado Medical Center Denver, CO 1967-1968


Special NIH Fellow, sponsored by Dr. Kimishige Ishizaka, Director of Research Children’s Asthma Research

Institute and Hospital

Denver, CO 1968-1970

Medical Licenses and Certifications

Licensure: Colorado, 1966

Certification: American Board of Internal Medicine, 1967

 Major Scientific Interest

Immunology of the gastrointestinal tract


Academic Appointments

Instructor in Medicine University of Colorado

School of Medicine

Aurora, CO 1967-1968
Assistant Professor of Medicine University of Colorado

School of Medicine

Aurora, CO 1968-1974
Associate Professor of Medicine University of Colorado

School of Medicine

Aurora, CO 1974-1982
Professor of Medicine University of Colorado

School of Medicine

Aurora, CO 1982-2013
Professor Emeritus of Medicine


Administrative Appointments

University of Colorado

School of Medicine


Aurora, CO 2013-present


Chief of Gastroenterology Denver VA Medical Center 1980-1988


Acting Head, Division of Gastroenterology University of Colorado

School of Medicine

Aurora, CO 1987-1988


Head, Division of Gastroenterology University of Colorado

School of Medicine

Aurora, CO 1988-1996
Interim Head, Division of Gastroenterology Denver Health Medical Center 2009-2011


Additional Employment

Director, International Medical Editing Service, LLC, Denver, CO                                            2013-present

Informaticist, Motive Medical Intelligence, San Francisco, CA                                                                   2013-2014

Associate Medical Director, Center for Personalized Education for Physicians, Denver CO, 2014-present



Gastroenterology Research Group, American Gastroenterological                                       1975-81

Association, 1975-1981; Chairman, 1979-1980

Program Evaluation Committee, American Gastroenterological Association                       1980-83

Chairman, American Gastroenterological Association                                                               1976

Workshop on Gastrointestinal Immunology

Grants Review Committee, National Foundation for Ileitis and Colitis, Inc.                      1978-81

Research Training Awards Program, National Foundation                             1980-83 and 1989-94

for Ileitis and Colitis, Inc.

Editorial Board, Viewpoints on Digestive Diseases                                                             1980-86

Editorial Board, Gastroenterology                                                                                        1980-86

Immunology Chapter Editor, Gastroenterology Annual, Elsevier                                        1981-84

Veterans Administration Merit Review Grants Board                                                          1984-87

Member, Planning Committee, “Marmoset as Model for                                                           1984

Gastrointestinal Disease” NIADDK, NCI, Oak Ridge, Associated Universities

Member, International Advisory Committee, International Symposium on Immunology         1987

of the Gastrointestinal Tract and Liver, Jerusalem

Member, Planning Committee, International Symposium on Mucosal Immunity, Tokyo         1989

American Gastroenterological Association, Constitution and Bylaws Committee               1988-90

Research Advisory Group B, Veterans Administration1991-94                                           1988-94

Chairman                                                                                                                         1991-94

Visiting Scientist, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC (April-September) 1994

Principal Investigator, NIH Training Grant in Gastroenterology, Gastroenterology           1988-96

Division, University of Colorado School of Medicine



Volunteer Physician of the Year, Denver Health Medical Center                                             2014

Physician of the Year, Denver Health Medical Center                                                              2009

Veterans Administration Medical Investigatorship                                                               1985-91

Visiting Professor, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan and Tokai University, Japan                    1982


Research Fellowship, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science                                            1982


Veterans Administration Clinical Investigatorship                                                               1971-74

Borden Award for Outstanding Research Project in Preclinical Years                                      1959

University of Wisconsin Medical School

Bleckwenn Award for Clinical Promise                                                                                     1959

University of Wisconsin Medical School

Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society                                                                                           1958

University of Wisconsin Medical School


Professional Society Memberships

American Gastroenterological Association

American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

American College of Gastroenterology

American Medical Writers Association

Association of Health Care Journalists



Original Publications


  1. Brown GW, Brown WR, Cohen PP. Comparative biochemistry of urea synthesis. Levels of urea cycle enzymes in metamorphosing rana catesbeiana J Biol Chem. 1959;234:1775-1780.
  2. Brown WR, Grodsky GM, Carbone JV. Intracellular distribution of tritiated bilirubin during hepatic uptake and excretion. Am J Physiol. 1964;207:1237-1241.
  3. Brown WR, Wong HB. Ethnic group differences in plasma bilirubin levels of full-term healthy Singapore newborns. 1965;36:745-751.
  4. Brown WR, Wong HB: Hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient infants in Singapore. 1968;41:1055-1062.
  5. Brown WR. Rumination in the adult. A study of two cases. Gastroenterology 1968;54:933-939.
  6. Mann JG, Brown WR, Kern F, Jr. The subtle and variable clinical expression of gluten-induced enteropathy (adult celiac disease, non-tropical sprue). An analysis of 21 consecutive cases. Am J Med. 1970;48:357-366.
  7. Brown WR, Newcomb RW, Ishizaka K: Proteolytic degradation of secretory and serum immunoglobulins and diphtheria antitoxin. J Clin Invest. 1970;49:1374-1380.
  8. Brown WR: Nonimmunoglobulin precipitin lines between intestinal fluids and antisera in immunodiffusion studies: an explanation for their occurrence and how they can be avoided. J Lab Clin Med. 1971;77:326-334.
  9. Brown WR, Butterfield D, Savage D, Tada T. Clinical, microbiological and immunological studies of patients with immunoglobulin deficiencies and gastrointestinal disorders. Gut. 1972;13:441-449.
  10. Brown WR, Savage DD, Dubois RB, Alp MH, Mallory A, Kern F, Jr. The intestinal microflora of immunoglobulin-deficient and normal human subjects. 1972;62:1143-1152.
  11. Brown WR, Burns FA. Adaptation of peroxidase-labeled antibody methods to identification of immunoglobulin-containing cells in gastrointestinal tissues. J Immunol Methods. 1973;2:303-307.
  12. Brown WR, Lansford CL, Hornbrook M: Serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) concentrations in patients with gastrointestinal disorders. Am J Dig Dis. 1973;18:641-645.
  13. Brown WR, Lee EM. Radioimmunological measurements of naturally occurring bacterial antibodies. I. Human serum antibodies reactive with Escherichia coli in gastrointestinal and immunological disorders. J Lab Clin Med. 1973;82:125-136.
  14. Brown WR, Lee EM: Radioimmunologic measurements of antibacterial antibodies. II. Human serum antibodies reactive with Bacteroides fragilis and Enterococcus in gastrointestinal and immunologic disorders. 1974;66:1145-1153.
  15. Ste-Marie M, Lee EM, Brown WR. Radioimmunologic measurements of antibacterial antibodies. III. Antibodies reactive with Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis in breast fluids and serum of lactating mothers. Pediat 1974;8:815-819.
  16. Jones E, Brown WR. Serum and intestinal fluid immunoglobulins in giardiasis. Am J Dig Dis. 1974;19:791-796.
  17. Brown WR, Borthistle BK, Chen ST. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgE-containing cells in human gastrointestinal fluids and tissues. Clin Exp Immunol. 1974;20:227-237.
  18. Jones EG, Beeken WL, Roessner KD, Brown WR. Serum and intestinal fluid immunoglobulins and jejunal IgA secretion in Crohn’s disease. 1976;14:12-19.
  19. Brown WR, Lee EM. Studies on IgE in human intestinal fluids. Int Archs Allergy Appl Immun. 1976;50:87-94.
  20. Carroll JE, Silverman A, Isobe Y, Brown WR, Kelts KA, Brooke MH. Inflammatory myopathy, IgA deficiency, and intestinal malabsorption. J Pediat. 1976;89:216-219.
  21. Brown WR, Isobe Y, Nakane P. Studies on translocation of immunoglobulins across intestinal epithelium. II. Immunoelectron microscopic localization of immunoglobulins and secretory component in human intestinal mucosa. Gastroenterology. 1976;71:985-995.
  22. Isobe Y, Chen ST, Nakane P, Brown WR. Studies on translocation of immunoglobulins across intestinal epithelium. I. Improvements in the peroxidase-labeled antibody method for application to study of human intestinal mucosa. Acta Histochem Cytochem. 1977;10:161-171.
  23. Borthistle BK, Kubo RT, Brown WR, Grey HM. Receptors for IgG on rat intestinal epithelium. J Immunol. 1977;119:471-476.
  24. Brown WR, Isobe K. Nakane PK, Pacini B. Studies on translocation of immunoglobulins across intestinal epithelium. IV. Evidence for binding of IgA and IgM to secretory component in intestinal epithelium. 1977;73:1333-1339.
  25. Brown WR. Studies on translocation of immunoglobulins across intestinal epithelium. 1977;40:2497-2501.
  26. Richman LK, Brown WR. Immunochemical characterization of IgM in human intestinal fluids. J Immunol. 1977;119:1515-1519.
  27. Borthistle BK, Isobe K, Brown WR. Studies on translocation of immunoglobulins across intestinal epithelium. III. Failure of cholera enterotoxin to stimulate IgA secretion by rabbit intestine. Am J Dig Di 1978;23:134-136.
  28. Nagura H, Nakane PK, Brown WR: Breast milk IgA binds to jejunal epithelium in suckling rats. J Immunol. 1978;120:1333-1337.
  29. Mackenzie-Crooks DJ, Brown WR. The distribution of nodular lymphoid hyperplasia in immunoglobulin deficiency. Clin Radiology. 1980;31:701-706.
  30. Richman LK, Chiller JM, Brown WR, Hanson DG, Vaz NM. Enterically induced immunologic tolerance. I. Induction of suppressor T lymphocytes by orally administered protein antigens. J Immunol. 1978;121:2429-2434.
  31. Nagura H, Nakane PK, Brown WR. Translocation of dimeric IgA through colon neoplastic cells in vitro. J Immunol. 1979;123:2359-2368.
  32. Nagura H, Kohler P, Brown WR. Immunocytochemical characterization of the lymphocytes in nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the bowel. Lab Invest. 1979;40:66-73.
  33. Nagura H, Brandtzaeg P, Nakane PK, Brown WR. Ultrastructural localization of J chain in human intestinal mucosa. J Immunol. 1979;123:1044-1050.
  34. Nagura H, Nakane PK, Brown WR. Secretory component in immunoglobulin deficiency. An immunoelectron microscopic study of intestinal epithelium. Scand J Immunol. 1980;12:359-363.
  35. Brown WR. Neoplastic human colon cells in studies on the translocation of dimeric IgA. Cancer. 1980;45:1234-1237.
  36. Visvesvara GS, Smith PD, Healy GR, BrownWR. An immunofluorescence test to detect serum antibodies to Giardia lamblia. Ann Int Med. 1980;93:802-805.
  1. Smith PD, Horsburgh CR, Brown WR. In vitro studies on bile acid deconjugation and lipolysis inhibition by Giardia lamblia. Dig Dis Sci. 1981;26:700-704.
  2. Ahnen DJ, Nakane PK, Brown WR. Ultrastructural localization of carcinoembryonic antigen in normal intestine and colon cancer. Abnormal distribution of CEA on the surfaces of colon cancer cells. 1982;49:2077-2090.
  3. Nagura H, Nakane PK, Smith PD, Brown WR. IgA in human hepatic bile and liver. J Immunol. 1981;126:587-595.
  4. Goodman MR, Link DL, Brown WR, Nakane PK. Ultrastructural evidence of transport of secretory IgA (sIgA) across bronchial epithelium. Am Rev Resp Dis. 1981;123:115-119.
  5. Smith PD, Gillin FD, Brown WR, Nash TE. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for IgG antibody to Giardia lamblia. 1981;80:1476-1480.
  6. Kohler PF, Cook R, Brown WR, Manguso RL. Common variable hypogammaglobulinemia with T-cell nodular lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis and B-cell nodular lymphoid hyperplasia: different lymphocyte population with a similar response to prednisone therapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1982;70:299-305.
  7. Takahashi I, Nakane PK, Brown WR. Ultrastructural events in the translocation of polymeric IgA by rat hepatocytes. J Immunol. 1982;128:1181-1187.
  8. Brown WR, Smith PD, Lee E, Nagura H. A search for an enriched source of polymeric IgA in human thoracic duct lymph, portal vein blood, and aortic blood. Clin Exp Immunol. 1982;48:85-90.
  9. Ahnen DJ, Brown WR: Campylobacter enteritis in immune-deficient patients. Ann Int Med. 1982;96:187.
  10. Nakane PK, Brown WR, Nagura H. Abnormal topological distribution of surface glycoproteins on neoplastic epithelial cells. Tokai J Clin Med. 1982;(Suppl)65-72.
  11. Nagura H, Tsutsumi Y, Hasegawa H, Watanabe K, Nakane PK, Brown WR: IgA plasma cells in biliary mucosa: A likely source of locally synthesized IgA in human hepatic bile. Clin Exp Immunol. 1983;54:671-690.
  12. Blaser MJ, Hoverson D, Ely I, Sheikh DJ, Wang W-L-L, Brown WR: Studies of Campylobacter jejuni in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 1984;86:33-38.
  13. Watanabe T, Nagura H, Watanabe K, Brown WR. The binding of milk lactoferrin to immunoglobulin A. FEBS 1984;168:203-207.
  14. Mizuno M, Kloppel TM, Nakane PK, Brown WR, Vierling JM. Cellular distribution of the asialoglycoprotein receptor in rat liver. 1984;86:142-149.
  15. Kloppel TM, Brown WR. Rat liver membrane secretory component is larger than free secretory component in bile. Evidence for proteolytic conversion of membrane form to free form. J Cell Biochem. 1984;24:307-317.
  16. Caballero FM, Brown WR, Kohler PF, Hayward AR. B cell response to Cowan I strain of Staphylococcus aureus in patients with common variable immunodeficiency and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the bowel. J Clin Lab Immunol. 1984;13:59-63.
  17. Mizuno M, Nakane P, Brown WR, Vierling JM. Ultrastructural immunocytochemical localization of asialoglycoprotein receptors in rat hepatocytes. 1984;87:763-769.
  18. Finck MH, Reichen J. Vierling JM, Kloppel TM, Brown WR. Hepatic uptake and disposition of human polymeric IgA1 in the perfused rat liver: Evidence for incomplete biliary excretion and intrahepatic degradation. Am J Physiol. 1985;248:G450-G45.
  19. Tamaru T, Brown WR. IgA antibodies in rat bile inhibit cholera toxin-induced secretion in in situ ileal loops. 1985;55:579-583.
  20. Kloppel TM, Brown WR, Reichen J. Effects of monensin on vesicular transport pathways in the perfused rat liver. J Cell Biochem. 1986;32:235-245.
  21. Kloppel TM, Reichen J, Brown WR. Mechanisms of secretion of proteins into bile. Studies in the perfused rat liver. 1986;6:587-594.
  22. Tamaru T, Fujibayashi S, Brown WR, Wenger DA. Immunocytochemical localization of sphingolipid activator protein to lysosomes in human liver and colon. 1986;86:195-200.
  23. Ahnen DJ, Nakane PK, Brown WR. Differential expression of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and secretory component (SC) during colonic epithelial cell differentiation and in colon carcinoma. 1987;93:1330-1338.
  24. Hasegawa H, Nakamura A, Watanabe K, Brown WR, Nagura H. Intestinal uptake of IgG in suckling rats: Distinction between jejunal and ileal epithelial cells demonstrated by simultaneous ultrastructural localization of IgG and acid phosphatase. 1987;92:186-191.
  1. Shioda Y, Brown WR, Ahnen DJ. Serial observations of colonic carcinogenesis in the rat. Premalignant mucosa binds Ulex europeus Gastroenterology. 1987;92:1-12.
  2. Yoshiyama Y, Brown WR. Specific antibodies to cholera toxin in rabbit milk are protective against Vibrio cholerae-induced intestinal secretion. 1987;61:543-547.
  3. Mizuno M, Yamada G, Sugiyama T, Vierling JM, Brown WR. Monoclonal antibodies identifying antigens on distinct domains of rat hepatocytes. 1987;7:251-259.
  4. Ahnen DJ, Warren GH, Greene LJ, Singleton JW, Brown WR. Search for a specific marker of mucosal dysplasia in ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology 93:1346-1355, 1987.
  5. Sugiyama T, Brown WR, Ahnen DJ. Aberrant expression of surface antigens on rat colonic cancer cells. 1988;94:331-342.
  6. Kobayashi K, Brown WR, Brennan PJ, Blaser MJ. Serum antibodies to mycobacterial antigens in active Crohn’s disease. 1988;94:1404-1411.
  7. Brown WR, Sokol R, Levin M, Silverman A, Lilly J, Cheney M. Lack of correlation between infection with Reovirus 3 and extrahepatic biliary atresia or neonatal hepatitis. J Pediat. 1988;113:670-676.
  8. Kobayashi K, Blaser MJ, Brown WR. Immunohistochemical examination for mycobacteria in intestinal tissues from patients with Crohn’s disease. 1989;96:1009-15.
  9. Hall RJ, Lee E, Brown WR. Immunological outcome of enteric administration of ovalbumin to neonatal rats is anatomic-site specific. J Pediat Surg 23:577-582, 1988.
  10. Kobayashi K, Blaser MJ, Brown WR. Identification and partial characterization of an Fc binding site in human intestinal epithelium. J Immunol 1989;143:2567-2574.
  11. Everson GT, Emmett M, Brown WR, Redmond P, Thickman D. Functional similarities of hepatic cyst and biliary epithelium: Studies of fluid constituents and in vivo secretion in response to secretin. 1990;11:557-565.
  12. Morgan DR, Leunk RD, Walling MA, Williams EA, Blaser MJ, Dunn BE, Perez-Perez G, Brown WR. Detection of antibodies to and antigens of Campylobacter pylori in clinical samples: comparisons of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunofluorescence assay. J Clin Microbiol. 1990; 28:181-4.
  13. Nagura H, Sumi Y, Fukuda Y, Hasegawa H, Watanabe W, Brown WR. Studies on the relationships of IgA to human liver. IgA deposition in non-alcoholic liver diseases. Acta Pathol Jpn. 1989;39:363-372.
  14. Kobayashi K, Hamada Y, Blaser MJ, Brown WR. The molecular configuration and ultrastructural locations of an IgG Fc binding site in human colonic epithelium. J Immunol. 1991;146:68-74.
  15. Hamada Y, Kobayashi K, Brown WR. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha decreases expression of the intestinal IgG Fc binding site by HT29-N2 cells. 1991;74:298-303.
  16. Inamoto T, Brown WR. IgG is associated with the asialoglycoprotein receptor in human liver. 1991;14:1070-1075.
  17. McQueen CE, Boedeker EC, Le M, Hamada Y, Brown WR. Mucosal immune response to RDEC-1 infection: Study of lamina propria antibody-producing cells and biliary antibody. Infect Immun. 1992;60:206-212.
  18. Burgess JB, Baenziger JU, Brown WR. Abnormal surface distribution of the human asialoglycoprotein receptor in cirrhosis. 1992;15:702-706.
  19. Furukawa F, Imamura S, Fujita M, Kinoshita K, Yoshitake K, Brown WR, Norris DA. Immunohistochemical localization of proliferating cell nuclear antigen/cyclin in human skin. Arch Dermatol Res. 1992;84:86-91.
  20. Tamaru T, Kobayashi H, Kishimoto S, Kajiyama G, Brown WR. Histochemical study of colonic cancer in experimental colitis of rats. Dig Dis Sci. 1993;38:529-537.
  21. McQueen CE, Boedeker EC, Reid R, Jarboe D, Wolf M, Le M, Brown WR. Pili in microspheres protect rabbits from diarrhea induced by E. coli strain RDEC-1. 1993;11:201-206.
  22. Kobayashi K, Brown WR. Study of an intestinal IgG Fc binding site in cultured epithelial cells. Dig Dis Sci. 1994;39:526-533.
  23. Brown WR, Le M, Lee E. Induction of systemic immunologic hyporesponsiveness to ovalbumin in neonatal rats by the enteric administration of peptic fragments of ovalbumin. Immunol Invest. 1994;23:73-83.
  24. Perez-Perez GI, Brown WR, Cover TL, Dunn BE, Cao P, Blaser MJ. Correlation between serological and mucosal inflammatory responses to Helicobacter pylori. Clin Diag Lab Immunol. 1994;1:325-329.
  25. Hibi T, Ohara M, Kobayashi K, Brown WR, TodaK, Tokaishi H, Hosoda J, Hayashi A, Iwao Y, Watanabe M. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoprecipitation studies on anti-goblet cell antibody using a mucin-producing cell line in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 1994;35:224-230.
  26. Andoh A, Fujiyama Y, Sumiyoshi K, Hodohara K, Okabe H, Ochi Y, Bamba T, Brown WR. Modulation of complement C3, C4, and factor B production in human intestinal epithelial cells: differential effects of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-4. 1995;2:251-259.
  27. Hamada Y, Kobayashi K, Podolsky D, Brown WR. Increased cytoplasmic accumulation of goblet cell glycoproteins in ulcerative colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 1996;2:97-104.
  28. Hamada Y, Kobayashi K, Brown WR. Studies on the biological actions of an intestinal binding site associated with goblet cell mucus. Submitted.
  29. Prindiville T, Cantrell M, Matsumoto T, Brown W, Ansari A, Kotzin B, Gershwin M. Analysis of function, specificity and T cell receptor expression of cloned mucosal T cell clones in Crohn’s disease. J Autoimmun. 1996;9:193-204.
  30. Samson VE, Brown WR. Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis in AIDS-associated cryptosporidiosis: more than an incidental finding. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1996;22:311-312.
  31. Harada N, Iijima S, Kobayashi K, Yoshida T, Brown WR, Hibi T, Oshima A, Morikawa M. Human IgG Fc binding protein (FcγBP) in colonic epithelial cells exhibits mucin-like structure. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:15232-15241.
  32. Tyler KL, Sokol RJ, Oberhaus SM, Le M, Kanner FM, Murphy JR, Low R, Brown WR. Detection reovirus RNA in hepatobiliary tissues from patients with extrahepatic biliary atresia and choledochal cysts. 1998;27:1475-1483.
  33. Bennet JD, Brown WR, Kotzin BL. Regional variation in the lamina propria T-cell receptor Va repertoire in normal human colon. Clin Imunol. 1999;90:38-46.
  34. Vasquez-Torres A, Jones-Carson J, Baumler AJ, Falkrow S, Valdivia R, Brown WR, Le M, Berggren R, Parks WT, Fong F. Extraintestinal dissemination of Salmonella via CD18-expressing phagocytes. 1999;401:804-808.
  35. Kobayashi K, Yagasaki M, Harada N, Chichibu K, Hibi T, Yoshida T, Brown WR, Morikawa M. Detection of Fc-gamma binding protein antigen in human sera and its relationship with autoimmune disease. Immunology Letters. 2001;79:229-235.
  36. Kobayashi K, Ogata H, Morikawa M, Iijima S, Harada N, Yoshida T, Brown WR, Inoue N, Hamada Y, Ishii H, Watanabe M, Hibi T. Distribution and partial characterization of IgG Fc binding protein in various mucin-producing cells and body fluids. 2002;51:169-76.
  37. Brown WR, McIntyre WW, McNally PR. Sclerosing mesenteritis. A report of two cases with dramatic response to immunosuppressive agents. Visible Human Journal of Endoscopy. 2003;2(2):
  38. Mahnke D, Chen YK, Antillon MR, Brown W, Mattison R, Shah R. A prospective study of complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic ultrasound in an ambulatory endoscopy center. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;4:924-930.
  39. Hasan A, Brown WR. A model for mortality-morbidity conferences in gastroenterology. Gastroint Endosc. 2008;67:515-519.
  40. Omata F, Brown WR, Takahashi O, Tokuda N, Ueno F, Mine T, Fuku T. Colorectal Polyps and Smoking. Intern Med. (Japan). 2009;48:123-8.
  41. 101.Quallick M, Brown WR. Rectal perforation during colonic retroflexion. Gastroint Endosc. 2009;69:960-963.
  42. Knudson K, Raeburn CD, McIntyre RC Jr, Shah RJ, Chen YK, Brown WR, Stegmann G. Management of duodenal and pancreaticobiliary perforations associated with periampullary endoscopic procedures. Am J Surg. 2008;196:975-981.
  1. Omata F, Brown WR, Tokuda Y, et al. Modifiable risk factors for colorectal neoplasms and hyperplastic polyps. Intern Med. 2009;48:123-128.
  2. Sethi A, Chen YK, Austin GL, Brown W, Brauer C, Fukami N, Khan AH, Shah RJ. ERCP with cholangiopancreatoscopy is associated with higher rates of complications than ERCP alone: a single center experience. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;73:251-256.
  3. Hasan A, Brown WR. Colonic cleansing for colonoscopy. A risk to be taken seriously. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;73:616-618.




Reviews, Chapters and Other Publications


  1. Brown WR. The human gut as an important immunological structure. Rocky Mt Med J. 1973;70:29-32.
  2. Brown WR. Summary of the Proceedings of the American Gastroenterological Association Workshop on Immunology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. 1977;72:990-991.
  3. Brown WR. Relationships between immunoglobulins and the intestinal epithelium. 1978;75:129-138.
  4. Brown WR, Nagura H, Smith P, Nakane P. The Human Liver and the Secretory Immune System. In: P Ogra and J Bienenstock, eds. The Mucosal Immune System in Health and Disease. Proceedings of the Eighty-first Ross Conference on Pediatric Research. Columbus, Ohio: Ross Laboratories; 1981:16-25.
  5. Brown WR. Ultrastructural Studies on the Translocation of Polymeric Immunoglobulins by Intestinal Epithelium and Liver. In: Hanson LA, Strober W, Sell KW, eds. Recent Advances in Mucosal Immunity. New York: Raven Press; 1982:251-256.
  6. Kohler PF, Brown WR. Immunologic aspects of hepatic and gastrointestinal tract disease. 1982;248:2704-2709.
  7. Brown WR. The central role of the gastrointestinal tract in immunological reactions. Tokai J Exp Clin 1983;8:1-7.
  8. Roy MJ, Brown WR. Monoclonal Antibodies in Identification of Macrophages/Natural Killer Cells in Murine Intestinal Mucosa. In: McGhee J and Mestecky G, eds. The Secretory Immune System. New York: Annuals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Wiley; 1983; 49:864-865.
  9. Brown WR. The central role of the gastrointestinal tract in immunological reactions. Viewpoints Dig Dis. 1983;15:5-8.
  10. Brown WR. Gastrointestinal Immunology. In: Kern IF and Blum AL, eds. Gastroenterology Annual. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1983:229-252.
  11. Brown WR. Routes of Entry of IgA into the Gastrointestinal Tract. In: E Boedeker, ed. Attachment of Microorganisms to the Gastrointestinal Mucosal Surface. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, Inc.; 1984:205-216.
  12. Brown WR. Gastrointestinal Immunology. In: Kern IF and Blum AL, eds. Gastroenterology Annual II. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1984:190-214.
  13. Ahnen DJ, Brown WR, Kloppel TM. Secretory component: The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor. What’s in it for the hepatologist and gastroenterologist? 1985;89:667-682.
  14. Brown WR. Gastrointestinal Immunology. In: Kern IF and Blum AL, eds. Gastroenterology Annual III Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1985:284-316.
  15. Ahnen DJ, Brown WR, Kloppel TM. Secretory Component: The Polymeric Immunoglobulin Receptor. In: Conn M, ed. The Receptors. Vol III. Waltham, Massachussetts: Academic Press; 1986:2-52.
  16. Kloppel TM, Hoops TC, Brown WR. Advances in the Cellular Mechanisms of Secretory Component Synthesis and Secretion and the Transport of IgA. In: McGhee JR, et al, eds. Recent Advances in Mucosal Immunology. New York: Plenum Press; 1987:1061-1069.
  17. Strober W, Brown WR. The Mucosal Immune System. In: Talmage D and Samter M, eds. Immunological Diseases. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.; 1988:79-139.
  18. Brown WR, Strober W. Immunological Diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract. In: Talmage D and Samter M, eds. Immunological Diseases. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.; 1988:1995-2033.
  19. Brown WR, Kloppel TM. The liver and IgA: Immunological, cell biological and clinical implications. 1989;9:763-784.
  20. Brown WR, Kloppel T. The role of the liver in translocation of IgA into the gastrointestinal tract. Immunol Invest. 1989;18:269-285.
  21. Brown WR. Common Gastrointestinal Diseases in the Elderly. In: Schrier RW, ed. Geriatric Medicine. Philadephia: WB Saunders; 1990:453-462.
  22. Brown WR, Kloppel TM: The Efferent Limb of the Mucosal Immune System. Humoral Immunity. In: Targan S and Shanahan F, eds. Immunology and Immunopathology of the Liver and Gastrointestinal Tract. Igaku-Shoin; 1989:73-106.
  23. Brown WR. Treatment of Inflammatory Gastroduodenal Illnesses – A Gastroenterologist’s Viewpoint. In: Blaser M, ed. Campylobacter pylori and its Role in Human Disease. Tokyo: Igaku-Shoin; 1989:209-224.


  1. Blaser MJ, Brown WR. Campylobacters and Gastroduodenal Inflammation. In: Stollerman GH, ed. Advances in Internal Medicine. Vol 34. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc.; 1989:21-42.
  2. Brown WR. The Liver and IgA: Immunological and Clinical Implications. EOS-Rivista di Immunologia ed Immunofarmacologia. 1991;11(2):56-61.
  3. Brown WR. Relationships between IgA and the Liver. In: Advances in Mucosal Immunology. Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Mucosal Immunology. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1990:557-566.
  4. Brown WR: The Liver and IgA. Immunological, Cell Biological and Clinical Implications. In: Tsuchiya H, Nagura H, and Moro I, eds. Frontiers of Mucosal Immunology. Vol 1. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1991:227-231.
  5. Inamoto T, Brown WR. IgG2/IgG4 are Associated with the Asialoglycoprotein Receptor (ASGPR) in Human Liver. In: Frontiers of Mucosal Immunology. Vol 1. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1991:233-234.
  6. Hasegawa H, Watanabe K, Brown WR, Nagura H. Intestinal Uptake and Transport of IgG in Suckling Rats. In: Frontiers of Mucosal Immunology. Vol 1. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1991:543-546.
  7. Kobayashi K, Hamada Y, Blaser MJ, Tsuchiya M, Brown WR. Characterization and localization of IgG Fc Binding Site in Intestinal Goblet Cells. In: Frontiers of Mucosal Immunology. Vol 1. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1991:547-550.
  8. Hamada Y, Kobayashi K, Brown WR: Morphologic Abnormalities in an Intestinal IgG Fc Binding Site in Ulcerative Colitis and Colitis in the Cotton-Top Tamarin. In: Frontiers of Mucosal Immunology. Vol 1. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1991:829-830.
  9. Brown WR, Howell C. Mucosal Diseases: Diseases of the Liver and Biliary Tract. In: Ogra PL, et al., eds. Handbook of Mucosal Immunology. Waltham, Massachussetts: Academic Press; 1994:513-525.
  10. Lee RE, Brown WR: Gastroenterology. In: Schrier RW, ed. The Internal Medicine Casebook: Real Patients, Real Answers. Boston: Little, Brown and Co; 1994:123-174.
  11. Brown WR. Secretory Antibody Responses to Enteric Pathogens. In: Blaser M, Smith P, Ravdin J, Greenberg H, and Guerrand R, eds. Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract. New York: Raven Press; 1995:187-197.
  12. Brown WR. Strategies for Manipulating the Highly Variable Responses of Enteric Encounter with Antigens. In: Yoshida Y and Murata Y, eds. Recent Advances in Gastroenterology. Vol 1. Japan: Churchill Livingston; 1994:61-74.Andoh, A, Fujiyama Y, Bamba T, Hosada S, Brown WR. Complement Component C3 Production and its Cytokine Regulation by Gastrointestinal Epithelial Cells. In: Mestecky J, et al., eds. Advances in Mucosal Immunology. New York: Plenum Press; 1995:211-215.
  13. Brown WR. Enteric immunization: Promises and Challenges. Dig Dis. 1996;14:192-200.
  14. Brown WR, Claman HN, Strober W. Immunologic Diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract. In: Frank M, Austen KF, Claman HN, Unanue ER, eds. Immunologic Diseases. 5th Ed. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.; 1995:1151-1178.
  15. Brown WR. Listeria: The latest putative pathogenetic microorganism in Crohn’s disease. 1995;108:1589-90.
  16. Lee R, Brown WR. Common Gastrointestinal Diseases. In: Schrier RW, and Jahnigen DW, eds. Geriatric Medicine, 3rd ed; 1996:724-734.
  17. Bennet JD, Brown WR. Mucosal B cells as a Marker of Immune Regulation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Antimicrobial Antibodies and Autoantibodies. In: Yoshikawa T and Arakawa T, eds. Bioregulation and its Disorders in the Gastrointestinal Tract. Japan: Blackwell Science; 1998:263-276.
  18. Brown WR. Diarrheal Diseases, Mechanisms, Causes and Management. In: Freston JW, Jacobsen ED, Quigley EE, eds. Digestive Diseases Self-Education Program. Bethesda, Maryland: American Gastroenterological Assn., Kendall-Hunt; 1998:63-81.
  19. Brown WR. Immunology and Pathophysiology of Inflammatory Diseases. In: Freston JW, Jacobsen ED, Quigley EE, eds. Digestive Diseases Self-Education Program. Bethesda, Maryland: American Gastroenterological Assn., Kendall-Hunt; 1998:183-187.
  20. Brown WR, Bilir B. Mucosal Diseases. Liver and Biliary Tract. In: Ogra PL, et al., eds. Mucosal Immunology. 2d Ed. Waltham, Massachusetts: Academic Press; 1999:1153-1165.
  21. Brown, WR. Gastroenterology. In: Schrier RW, ed. The Internal Medicine Casebook: Real Patients, Real Answers. 3d Ed. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.; 200:141-193.
  22. Brown WR. Mucosal Diseases. Liver and Biliary Tract. In: Mestecky J, et al., eds. Mucosal Immunology. 3d Ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2005:1373-1387.
  23. Brown WR, Tayal S. Microscopic colitis. A review. J Dig Dis. 2013;14:277-281.
  24. Brown WR, Ahnen DJ. Opinion Piece. Worldwide burden of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract



Complete CV available upon request.